Ifrane, general view of the city center covered in snow, CAP Agrandir Original (jpeg, 128k) Authors personal collection.
With regard to Bousbir, decency doesnt allow it to be described.
The presence of male visitors in Bousbir was legitimate because there they echangistes satisfied sexual needs ; the presence of women visitors was suspect because it reflected either an unacceptable voyeurism, for its gratuitousness, or a scandalous erotic interest, for being lesbian.
Travel agents regretted that they allowed tourists just a couple of hours in Casablanca, taking them immediately to lunch in Rabat and recherche elsewhere, and that instead of having them visit the interesting sites of our city, they are happy to take them on a short.4The concern here is libre not to enter the debate over maison the definition of tourism, but rather to examine tourism at Bousbir in light of its unquestionably sexual and colonial context.The rocco last part draws out the lessons of colonial tourism in Bousbir so as to examine, on a critical and theoretical level, the relationships between tourism and prostitution.Map of Casablanca, agrandir, original (jpeg, 256k) Michelin Guide, 1949.The modernity of the district, illustrated by its organized transportation and size, was the first attribute put forward to promote interest and visits, by the journalist who indeed strongly appreciated this delicious city, so pretty and charming that all the young Arab girls of Casablanca.To call speak of sex tourism with regard to Bousbir is certainly relevant, but it doesnt contribute much to our understanding of the site, not because the label would be anachronistic, but rather because the conceptual weaknesses of the category make it not very workable.This practice constitutes the third touristic context underlying visits to Bousbir : it was precisely in this vein that that the guide Casablanca et sa région (1934 :10) and the Michelin guide (1950 :103 in beautiful unanimity, recommended it to amateur tourist, or the curious, in studies.If tourism is defined as a displacement in pursuit of leisure away from the places of everyday life, all visitors to Disney are tourists, because the park echange is located absolutely elsewhere barranquilla in an imaginary land.That the sex workers there were essentially non-Europeans allowed that their error not be imputed to human nature (which the visitors, both men and women, would have in common with the sex workers) but rather to vice supposedly inherent to inferior races.The second concerns tourist visitation to the district, and the third focuses on the nature of tourist practices in Bousbir.Agrandir Original (png, 916k) Authors personal collection.The Westerners, essentially French, afrique English or American, fresh off their cruise ships, are identified as tourists in testimonies from the period, which evoke for example the cameras with which they were equipped.If it proves hard to answer, it is true that sources may be lacking, but above all it is difficult to establish criteria by which to determine if a given visitor to Bousbir was, or was not, a tourist.These images show an achievement of urban planning, from which one perceives the style, uniqueness, audacity, scope, order and modernity of Bousbirin short, its success. In the 1970s, some protestors maintained that tourism is prostitution, pmtva in the metaphoric sense that poor countries are forced to sell themselves to the rich in order to survive Graburn 1983 :441).
24The first was that of colonial tourism.
21Whether one visits Euro Disney coming from Paris, Berlin or New afrique York doesnt have much bearing on the visit to the park.
In 1949, 150,000 prostitution tourists visited Morocco libertin ; in 1953 they numbered 253,000 (Stafford 1996 :35).It is rather to libertin emphasize that colonial ideology and colonial relations of club power formed the foundation for prostitution the touristic and prostitution-related activities that took place in the district, and that the visit, in turn, served as an object lesson justifying and reproducing the colonial order.Bousbir furthermore perfectly fulfills the defining criteria for sexscapes, a term coined to describe plans the major destinations for international sex tourism (Brennan 2005).5The first part lyon of this article briefly presents Bousbir.Bousbir was among the most picturesque stops of their journey to the Protectorate.Without sources, it is difficult to know what the sex workers themselves thought of them, but it is likely that the tourists, rather wealthy, constituted a significant complementary source of income for them, especially through the erotic-exotic shows.14In these ways, Bousbir for visitors was an erotic-exotic theme park giving them access to the oriental charms of Morocco (Stazak 2014).It isnt without utility at this stage to underline that, for many of these, the reality of Bousbir was probably more of a nightmare.33The Bousbir touristic experience thus concerns, all dion at once and not without contradictions, colonial travel, excursions to red-light districts, slumming, and visits to the great works of the French Empire.In most European countries, the majority of sex workers are immigrants.It is a veritable city of 2,000 persons which furthermore forms part of tourist rica routes and, as they say, to enter there isnt to commit wevelgem to anything.Mac Orlan (1934 :44 visiting Bousbir, began by mentioning the panorama of Bidonville, that capital of the penniless. 3 Scientific literature often prefers wevelgem the expression sex worker to that of prostitute, judgedpar (.) 2This article is about the touristic attraction that Bousbir became during the colonial period, focusing essentially on its visitors.
Between 450 and 680 women, Moors or Jews 4, lived there and sold their sexual service to 1000 to 1,500 visitors per day (Bernard 1935).
The Moroccan infantrymen or the belgique Senegalese could only visit the district on certain days and werent authorized to visit the Jewish sex workers, nor the very few western sex workers.